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This is the Java language binding for writing Appium Tests, conforms to Mobile JSON Wire Protocol

API docs

Features and other interesting information

Tech stack

How to install the project


How to install latest java client Beta/Snapshots

Java client project is available to use even before it is officially published to maven central. Refer


  • Add the following to pom.xml:
  • Add the dependency:
    <version>latest commit ID from master branch</version>


  • Add the JitPack repository to your build file. Add it in your root build.gradle at the end of repositories:
allprojects {
    repositories {
        maven { url '' }
  • Add the dependency:
dependencies {
    implementation 'com.github.appium:java-client:latest commit id from master branch'



    • Add iOS related annotations to tvOS. #1456
  • [BUG FIX]
    • Bring back automatic quote escaping for desired capabilities command line arguments on windows. #1454
    • org.owasp.dependencycheck was updated to 6.1.2.
    • org.eclipse.jdt:ecj was updated to 3.25.0.


    • Add support for Appium Mac2Driver. #1439
    • Add support for multiple image occurrences. #1445
    • BOUND_ELEMENTS_BY_INDEX Setting was added. #1418
  • [BUG FIX]
    • Use lower case for Windows platform key in ElementMap. #1421
    • org.apache.commons:commons-lang3 was updated to 3.12.0.
    • org.springframework:spring-context was updated to 5.3.4.
    • org.owasp.dependencycheck was updated to 6.1.0.
    • io.github.bonigarcia:webdrivermanager was updated to 4.3.1.
    • org.eclipse.jdt:ecj was updated to 3.24.0.
    • org.projectlombok:lombok was updated to 1.18.16.
    • jcenter repository was removed.


  • [BUG FIX]
    • Fix the configuration of selenium-java dependency. #1417
    • gradle was updated to 6.7.1.


    • Add ability to set multiple settings. #1409
    • Support to execute Chrome DevTools Protocol commands against Android Chrome browser session. #1375
    • Add new upload options i.e withHeaders, withFormFields and withFileFieldName. #1342
    • Add AndroidOptions and iOSOptions. #1331
    • Add idempotency key to session creation requests. #1327
    • Add support for Android capability types: buildToolsVersion, enforceAppInstall, ensureWebviewsHavePages, webviewDevtoolsPort, and remoteAppsCacheLimit. #1326
    • Added OTHER_APPS and PRINT_PAGE_SOURCE_ON_FIND_FAILURE Mobile Capability Types. #1323
    • Make settings available for all AppiumDriver instances. #1318
    • Add wrappers for the Windows screen recorder. #1313
    • Add GitHub Action validating Gradle wrapper. #1296
    • Add support for Android viewmatcher. #1293
    • Update web view detection algorithm for iOS tests. #1294
    • Add allow-insecure and deny-insecure server flags. #1282
  • [BUG FIX]
    • Fix jitpack build failures. #1389
    • Fix parse platformName if it is passed as enum item. #1369
    • Increase the timeout for graceful AppiumDriverLocalService termination. #1354
    • Avoid casting to RemoteWebElement in ElementOptions. #1345
    • Properly translate desiredCapabilities into a command line argument. #1337
    • Change getDeviceTime to call the mobile implementation. #1332
    • Remove appiumVersion from MobileCapabilityType. #1325
    • Set appropriate fluent wait timeouts. #1316
    • Update Appium Environment Troubleshooting. #1358
    • Address warnings printed by docs linter. #1355
    • Add java docs for various Mobile Options. #1331
    • Add AndroidFindBy, iOSXCUITFindBy and WindowsFindBy docs. #1311
    • Renamed maim.js to main.js. #1277
    • Improve Readability of Issue Template. #1260


    • Add support for logging custom events on the Appium Server. #1262
    • Update Appium executable detection implementation. #1256
    • Avoid through NPE if any setting value is null. #1241
    • Settings API was improved to accept string names. #1240
    • Switch runAppInBackground iOS implementation in sync with other platforms. #1229
    • JavaDocs for AndroidMobileCapabilityType was updated. #1238
    • Github Actions were introduced instead of TravisCI. #1219
  • [BUG FIX]
    • Fix return type of getSystemBars API. #1216
    • Avoid using getSession call for capabilities values retrieval [W3C Support]. #1204
    • Fix pagefactory list element initialisation when parameterised by generic type. #1237
    • Fix AndroidKey commands. #1250


    • org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java was reverted to stable version 3.141.59. #1209
    • org.projectlombok:lombok:1.18.8 was introduced. #1193
    • videoFilters property was added to IOSStartScreenRecordingOptions. #1180
    • Selendroid automationName was deprecated. #1198
    • JavaDocs for AndroidMobileCapabilityType and IOSMobileCapabilityType were updated. #1204
    • JitPack builds were fixed. #1203



    • Added an ability to get all the session details. #1167
    • The new interface io.appium.java_client.ExecutesDriverScript was added. #1165
    • Added an ability to get status of appium server. #1153
    • tvOS platform support was added. #1142
    • The new interface io.appium.java_client. FindsByAndroidDataMatcher was added. #1106
    • The selector strategy io.appium.java_client.MobileBy.ByAndroidDataMatcher was added. #1106
    • Selendroid for android and UIAutomation for iOS are removed. #1077
    • [BUG FIX] Platform Name enforced on driver creation is avoided now. #1164
    • [BUG FIX] Send both signalStrengh and signalStrength for GSM_SIGNAL. #1115
    • [BUG FIX] Null pointer exceptions when calling getCapabilities is handled better. #1094

    • org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java was updated to 4.0.0-alpha-1.
    • org.aspectj:aspectjweaver was updated to 1.9.4.
    • org.apache.httpcomponents:httpclient was updated to 4.5.9.
    • cglib:cglib was updated to 3.2.12.
    • org.springframework:spring-context was updated to 5.1.8.RELEASE.
    • io.github.bonigarcia:webdrivermanager was updated to 3.6.1.
    • org.eclipse.jdt:ecj was updated to 3.18.0.
    • com.github.jengelman.gradle.plugins:shadow was updated to 5.1.0.
    • checkstyle was updated to 8.22.
    • gradle was updated to 5.4.
    • dependency-check-gradle was updated to 5.1.0.
    • org.slf4j:slf4j-api was updated to 1.7.26.
    • org.apache.commons:commons-lang3 was updated to 3.9.


    • The new interface io.appium.java_client.FindsByAndroidViewTag was added. #996
    • The selector strategy io.appium.java_client.MobileBy.ByAndroidViewTag was added. #996
    • The new interface io.appium.java_client.FindsByImage was added. #990
    • The selector strategy io.appium.java_client.MobileBy.ByImage was added. #990
    • The new interface io.appium.java_client.FindsByCustom was added. #1041
    • The selector strategy io.appium.java_client.MobileBy.ByCustom was added. #1041
    • DatatypeConverter is replaced with Base64 for JDK 9 compatibility. #999
    • Expand touch options API to accept coordinates as Point. #997
    • W3C capabilities written into firstMatch entity instead of alwaysMatch. #1010
    • Selendroid for android and UIAutomation for iOS is deprecated. #1034 and #1074
    • videoScale and fps screen recording options are introduced for iOS. #1067
    • NORMALIZE_TAG_NAMES setting was introduced for android. #1073
    • threshold argument was added to OccurrenceMatchingOptions. #1060
    • org.openqa.selenium.internal.WrapsElement replaced by org.openqa.selenium.WrapsElement. #1053
    • SLF4J logging support added into Appium Driver local service. #1014
  • [BUG FIX] Better handling of InvocationTargetException #968
  • [BUG FIX] Map sending keys to active element for W3C compatibility. #966
  • [BUG FIX] Error message on session creation is improved. #994
    • org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java was updated to 3.141.59.
    • was updated to 2.8.5.
    • org.apache.httpcomponents:httpclient was updated to 4.5.6.
    • cglib:cglib was updated to 3.2.8.
    • org.apache.commons:commons-lang3 was updated to 3.8.
    • org.springframework:spring-context was updated to 5.1.0.RELEASE.
    • io.github.bonigarcia:webdrivermanager was updated to 3.0.0.
    • org.eclipse.jdt:ecj was updated to 3.14.0.
    • org.slf4j:slf4j-api was updated to 1.7.25.
    • jacoco was updated to 0.8.2.
    • checkstyle was updated to 8.12.
    • gradle was updated to 4.10.1.
    • org.openpnp:opencv was removed.


  • [BUG FIX] Initing web socket clients lazily. Report #911. FIX: #912.
  • [BUG FIX] Fix session payload for W3C. #913
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added TouchAction constructor argument verification #923
  • [BUG FIX] Set retry flag to true by default for OkHttpFactory. #928
  • [BUG FIX] Fix class cast exception on getting battery info. #935
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added an optional format argument to getDeviceTime and update the documentation. #939
  • [ENHANCEMENT] The switching web socket client implementation to okhttp library. #941
  • [BUG FIX] Fix of the bug #924. #951


  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added an ability to set pressure value for iOS. #879
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added new server arguments RELAXED_SECURITY and ENABLE_HEAP_DUMP. #880
  • [BUG FIX] Use default Selenium HTTP client factory #877
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Supporting syslog broadcast with iOS #871
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added isKeyboardShown command for iOS #887
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added battery information accessors #882
  • [BREAKING CHANGE] Removal of deprecated code. #881
  • [BUG FIX] Added NewAppiumSessionPayload. Bug report: #875. FIX: #894
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added ESPRESSO automation name #908
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added a method for output streams cleanup #909
    • was updated to 2.8.4
    • org.springframework:spring-context was updated to 5.0.5.RELEASE
    • org.aspectj:aspectjweaver was updated to 1.9.1
    • org.glassfish.tyrus:tyrus-clien was updated to 1.13.1
    • org.glassfish.tyrus:tyrus-container-grizzly was updated to 1.2.1
    • org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java was updated to 3.12.0


  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added clipboard handlers. #855 #869
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added wrappers for Android logcat broadcaster. #858
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Add bugreport option to Android screen recorder. #852
  • [BUG FIX] Avoid amending parameters for SET_ALERT_VALUE endpoint. #867
  • [BREAKING CHANGE] Refactor network connection setting on Android. #865
  • [BUG FIX] [BREAKING CHANGE] Refactor of the io.appium.java_client.AppiumFluentWait. It uses java.time.Duration for time settings instead of and java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit #863
  • [BREAKING CHANGE] io.appium.java_client.pagefactory.TimeOutDuration became deprecated. It is going to be removed. Use java.time.Duration instead. FIX #742 #863.
  • [BREAKING CHANGE] io.appium.java_client.pagefactory.WithTimeOut#unit became deprecated. It is going to be removed. Use io.appium.java_client.pagefactory.WithTimeOut#chronoUnit instead. FIX #742 #863.
  • [BREAKING CHANGE] constructors of io.appium.java_client.pagefactory.AppiumElementLocatorFactory, io.appium.java_client.pagefactory.AppiumFieldDecorator and io.appium.java_client.pagefactory.AppiumElementLocator which use io.appium.java_client.pagefactory.TimeOutDuration as a parameter became deprecated. Use new constructors which use java.time.Duration.
    • org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java was updated to 3.11.0


  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added handler for isDispalyed in W3C mode. #833
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added handlers for sending SMS, making GSM Call, setting GSM signal, voice, power capacity and power AC. #834
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added handlers for toggling wifi, airplane mode and data in android. #835
    • org.apache.httpcomponents:httpclient was updated to 4.5.5
    • cglib:cglib was updated to 3.2.6
    • org.springframework:spring-context was updated to 5.0.3.RELEASE


    • org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java was updated to 3.9.1
  • [BREAKING CHANGE] Removal of deprecated listener-methods from the AlertEventListener. #797
  • [BUG FIX]. Fix the pushFile command. #812 #816
  • [ENHANCEMENT]. Implemented custom command codec. #817, #825
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added handlers for lock/unlock in iOS. #799
  • [ENHANCEMENT] AddEd endpoints for screen recording API for iOS and Android. #814
  • [MAJOR ENHANCEMENT] W3C compliance was provided. #829
  • [ENHANCEMENT] New capability MobileCapabilityType.FORCE_MJSONWP #829
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Updated applications management endpoints. #824


  • [ENHANCEMENT] The fingerPrint ability was added. It is supported by Android for now. #473 #786
  • [BUG FIX]. Less strict verification of the PointOption. #795


  • [ENHANCEMENT] [REFACTOR] [BREAKING CHANGE] [MAJOR CHANGE] Improvements of the TouchActions API #756, #760:
    • io.appium.java_client.touch.ActionOptions and sublasses were added
    • old methods of the TouchActions were marked @Deprecated
    • new methods which take new options.
  • [ENHANCEMENT]. Appium drivr local service uses default process environment by default. #753
  • [BUG FIX]. Removed 'set' prefix from waitForIdleTimeout setting. #754
  • [BUG FIX]. The asking for session details was optimized. Issue report 764. FIX #769
  • [BUG FIX] [REFACTOR]. Inconcistent MissingParameterException was removed. Improvements of MultiTouchAction. Report: #102. FIX #772
    • org.apache.commons:commons-lang3 was updated to 3.7
    • commons-io:commons-io was updated to 2.6
    • org.springframework:spring-context was updated to 5.0.2.RELEASE
    • org.aspectj:aspectjweaver was updated to 1.8.13
    • org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java was updated to 3.7.1


  • [BUG FIX]. Client was crashing when user was testing iOS with server 1.7.0. Report: #732. Fix: #733.
  • [REFACTOR] [BREAKING CHANGE] Excessive invocation of the implicit waiting timeout was removed. This is the breaking change because API of AppiumElementLocator and AppiumElementLocatorFactory was changed. Request: #735, FIXES: #738, #741
    • org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java to 3.6.0
    • to 2.8.2
    • org.springframework:spring-context to 5.0.0.RELEASE
    • org.aspectj:aspectjweaver to 1.8.11


  • [BUG FIX] Selenuim version was reverted from boundaries to the single number. Issue report: #718. FIX: #722
  • [ENHANCEMENT] The pushFile was added to IOSDriver. Feature request: #720. Implementation: #721. This feature requires appium node server v>=1.7.0


  • [BUG FIX] Dependency conflict resolving. The report: #714. The fix: #717. This change may affect users who use htmlunit-driver and/or phantomjsdriver. At this case it is necessary to add it to dependency list and to exclude old selenium versions.


  • [BUG FIX] The fix of the element genering on iOS was fixed. Issue report: #704. Fix: #705


  • [REFACTOR] [BREAKING CHANGE] 5.0.0 finalization. Removal of obsolete code. #660
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Enable nativeWebTap setting for iOS. #658
  • [ENHANCEMENT] The getCurrentPackage was added. #657
  • [ENHANCEMENT] The toggleTouchIDEnrollment was added. #659
  • [BUG FIX] The clearing of existing actions/parameters after perform is invoked. #663
  • [BUG FIX] #669 missed parameters of the OverrideWidget were added:
    • iOSXCUITAutomation
    • windowsAutomation
  • [BUG FIX] ByAll was re-implemented. #680
  • [BUG FIX] [BREAKING CHANGE] The issue of compliance with Selenium grid 3.x was fixed. This change is breaking because now java_client is compatible with appiun server v>=1.6.5. Issue report #655. FIX #682
  • [BUG FIX] issues related to latest Selenium changes were fixed. Issue report #696. Fix: #699.
  • [UPDATE] Dependency update
    • selenium-java was updated to 3.5.x
    • org.apache.commons-lang3 was updated to 3.6
    • org.springframework.spring-context was updated to 4.3.10.RELEASE
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Update of the touch ID enroll method. The older PerformsTouchID#toggleTouchIDEnrollment was marked Deprecated. It is recoomended to use PerformsTouchID#toggleTouchIDEnrollment(boolean) instead. #695


  • [ENHANCEMENT] Page factory: Mixed locator strategies were implemented. Feature request:#565 Implementation: #646
  • [DEPRECATED] All the content of the io.appium.java_client.youiengine package was marked Deprecated. It is going to be removed. #652
  • [UPDATE] Update of the to v2.8.1.


  • [ENHANCEMENT] Page factory classes became which had package visibility are public now. #630

    • io.appium.java_client.pagefactory.AppiumElementLocatorFactory
    • io.appium.java_client.pagefactory.DefaultElementByBuilder
    • io.appium.java_client.pagefactory.WidgetByBuilder
  • [ENHANCEMENT] New capabilities were added #626:

    • AndroidMobileCapabilityType#AUTO_GRANT_PERMISSIONS
    • AndroidMobileCapabilityType#ANDROID_NATURAL_ORIENTATION
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#XCODE_ORG_ID
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#XCODE_SIGNING_ID
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#UPDATE_WDA_BUNDLEID
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#COMMAND_TIMEOUTS
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#WDA_STARTUP_RETRIES
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#MAX_TYPING_FREQUENCY
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#SIMPLE_ISVISIBLE_CHECK
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#USE_CARTHAGE_SSL
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#START_IWDP
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#ALLOW_TOUCHID_ENROLL
    • MobileCapabilityType#EVENT_TIMINGS
  • [UPDATE] Dependencies were updated:

    • org.seleniumhq.selenium:selenium-java was updated to 3.4.0
    • cglib:cglib was updated to 3.2.5
    • org.apache.httpcomponents:httpclient was updated to 4.5.3
    • commons-validator:commons-validator was updated to 1.6
    • org.springframework:spring-context was updated to 4.3.8.RELEASE


  • [ENHANCEMENT] The ability to customize the polling strategy of the waiting was provided. #612
  • [ENHANCEMENT] [REFACTOR] Methods which were representing time deltas instead of elementary types became Deprecated. Methods which use java.time.Duration are suugested to be used. #611
  • [ENHANCEMENT] The ability to calculate screenshots overlap was included. #595.


  • [UPDATE] Update to Selenium 3.3.1
  • [ENHANCEMENT] iOS XCUIT mode automation: API to run application in background was added. #593
  • [BUG FIX] Issue report: #594. FIX: #597
  • [ENHANCEMENT] The class chain locator was added. #599


  • [UPDATE] Update to Selenium 3.2.0
  • [BUG FIX] Excessive dependency on guava was removed. It causes errors. Issue report: #588. FIX: #589.
  • [ENHANCEMENT]. The capability io.appium.java_client.remote.AndroidMobileCapabilityType#SYSTEM_PORT was added. #591


  • [ENHANCEMENT] Android. API to read the performance data was added. #562
  • [REFACTOR] Android. Simplified the activity starting by reducing the number of parameters through POJO clas. Old methods which start activities were marked @Deprecated. #579 #585
  • [BUG FIX] Issue report:#574. Fix:#582

5.0.0-BETA3 [BUG FIX]

  • [BUG FIX]:Issue report: #567. Fix: #568


  • [BUG FIX]:Issue report: #549. Fix: #551
  • New capabilities were added #533:
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#USE_NEW_WDA
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#WDA_LAUNCH_TIMEOUT
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#WDA_CONNECTION_TIMEOUT

The capability IOSMobileCapabilityType#REAL_DEVICE_LOGGER was removed. #533

  • [BUG FIX]/[ENHANCEMENT]. Issue report: #552. FIX #556

    • Additional methods were added to the io.appium.java_client.HasSessionDetails
      • String getPlatformName()
      • String getAutomationName()
      • boolean isBrowser()
    • io.appium.java_client.HasSessionDetails is used by the io.appium.java_client.internal.JsonToMobileElementConverter to define which instance of the org.openqa.selenium.WebElement subclass should be created.
  • [ENHANCEMENT]: The additional event firing feature. PR: #559. The WIKI chapter about the event firing was updated.


  • [MAJOR ENHANCEMENT]: Migration to Java 8. Epic: #399

    • API with default implementation. PR #470
    • Tools that provide Page Object engines were redesigned. The migration to repeatable annotations. Details you can read there: #497. Documentation was synced as well.
    • The new functional interface io.appium.java_client.functions.AppiumFunction was designed. It extends java.util.function.Function and It was designed in order to provide compatibility with the #543
    • The new functional interface io.appium.java_client.functions.ExpectedCondition was designed. It extends io.appium.java_client.functions.AppiumFunction and #543
    • The new functional interface io.appium.java_client.functions.ActionSupplier was designed. It extends java.util.function.Supplier. #543
  • [MAJOR ENHANCEMENT]: Migration from Maven to Gradle. Feature request is #214. Fixes: #442, #465.

  • [MAJOR ENHANCEMENT] [MAJOR REFACTORING]. Non-abstract AppiumDriver:

    • Now the io.appium.java_client.AppiumDriver can use an instance of any io.appium.java_client.MobileBy subclass for the searching. It should work as expected when current session supports the given selector. It will throw org.openqa.selenium.WebDriverException otherwise. #462

    • The new interface io.appium.java_client.FindsByFluentSelector was added. #462

    • API was redesigned:

      these interfaces were marked deprecated and they are going to be removed #513#514:

      • io.appium.java_client.DeviceActionShortcuts
      • io.appium.java_client.ios.IOSDeviceActionShortcuts

      instead following inerfaces were designed:

      • io.appium.java_client.HasDeviceTime
      • io.appium.java_client.HidesKeyboard
      • io.appium.java_client.HidesKeyboardWithKeyName
      • io.appium.java_client.PressesKeyCode
      • io.appium.java_client.ios.ShakesDevice
      • io.appium.java_client.HasSessionDetails That was done because Windows automation tools have some features that were considered as Android-specific and iOS-specific.

      The list of classes and methods which were marked deprecated and they are going to be removed

      • AppiumDriver#swipe(int, int, int, int, int)
      • AppiumDriver#pinch(WebElement)
      • AppiumDriver#pinch(int, int)
      • AppiumDriver#zoom(WebElement)
      • AppiumDriver#zoom(int, int)
      • AppiumDriver#tap(int, WebElement, int)
      • AppiumDriver#tap(int, int, int, int)
      • AppiumDriver#swipe(int, int, int, int, int)
      • MobileElement#swipe(SwipeElementDirection, int)
      • MobileElement#swipe(SwipeElementDirection, int, int, int)
      • MobileElement#zoom()
      • MobileElement#pinch()
      • MobileElement#tap(int, int)
      • io.appium.java_client.SwipeElementDirection and io.appium.java_client.TouchebleElement also were marked deprecated.

      redesign of TouchAction and MultiTouchAction

      • constructors were redesigned. There is no strict binding of AppiumDriver and TouchAction /MultiTouchAction. They can consume any instance of a class that implements PerformsTouchActions.
      • io.appium.java_client.ios.IOSTouchAction was added. It extends io.appium.java_client.TouchAction.
      • the new interface io.appium.java_client.PerformsActions was added. It unifies TouchAction and MultiTouchAction now. #543

      JsonToMobileElementConverter re-design #532:

      • unused MobileElementToJsonConverter was removed
      • JsonToMobileElementConverter is not rhe abstract class now. It generates instances of MobileElement subclasses according to current session parameters
      • JsonToAndroidElementConverter is deprecated now
      • JsonToIOSElementConverter is depreacated now
      • JsonToYouiEngineElementConverter is deprecated now.
      • constructors of 'AppiumDriver' were re-designed.
      • constructors of 'AndroidDriver' were re-designed.
      • constructors of 'IOSDriver' were re-designed.
  • [MAJOR ENHANCEMENT] Windows automation. Epic #471

    • The new interface io.appium.java_client.FindsByWindowsAutomation was added. #462. With @jonstoneman 's authorship.
    • The new selector strategy io.appium.java_client.MobileBy.ByWindowsAutomation was added. #462. With @jonstoneman 's authorship.
    • was designed. #538
    • was designed. #538
    • was added. #538
    • Page object tools were updated #538
      • the io.appium.java_client.pagefactory.WindowsFindBy annotation was added.
      • io.appium.java_client.pagefactory.AppiumFieldDecorator and supporting tools were actualized.
  • [MAJOR ENHANCEMENT] iOS XCUIT mode automation:

    • io.appium.java_client.remote.AutomationName#IOS_XCUI_TEST was added
    • The new interface io.appium.java_client.FindsByIosNSPredicate was added. #462. With @rafael-chavez 's authorship. It is implemented by io.appium.java_client.ios.IOSDriver and io.appium.java_client.ios.IOSElement.
    • The new selector strategy io.appium.java_client.MobileBy.ByIosNsPredicate was added. #462. With @rafael-chavez 's authorship.
    • Page object tools were updated #545, #546
      • the io.appium.java_client.pagefactory.iOSXCUITFindBy annotation was added.
      • io.appium.java_client.pagefactory.AppiumFieldDecorator and supporting tools were actualized.
  • [ENHANCEMENT] Added the ability to set UiAutomator Congfigurator values. #410. #477.

  • [ENHANCEMENT]. Additional methods which perform device rotation were implemented. #489. #439. But it works for iOS in XCUIT mode and for Android in UIAutomator2 mode only. The feature request: #7131

  • [ENHANCEMENT]. TouchID Implementation (iOS Sim Only). Details: #509

  • [ENHANCEMENT]. The ability to use port, ip and log file as server arguments was provided. Feature request: #521. Fixes: #522, #524.

  • [ENHANCEMENT]. The new interface was added. It is implemented by by default. #518

  • [ENHANCEMENT]. New touch actions were added. io.appium.java_client.ios.IOSTouchAction#doubleTap(WebElement, int, int) and io.appium.java_client.ios.IOSTouchAction#doubleTap(WebElement). #523, #444

  • [ENHANCEMENT]. All constructors declared by io.appium.java_client.AppiumDriver are public now.

  • [BUG FIX]: There was the issue when "@WithTimeout" was changing general timeout of the waiting for elements. Bug report: #467. Fixes: #468, #469, #480. Read: supported-settings

  • Added the server flag io.appium.java_client.service.local.flags.AndroidServerFlag#REBOOT. #476

  • Added io.appium.java_client.remote.AndroidMobileCapabilityType.APP_WAIT_DURATION capability. #461

  • the new automation type io.appium.java_client.remote.MobilePlatform#ANDROID_UIAUTOMATOR2 was add.

  • the new automation type io.appium.java_client.remote.MobilePlatform#YOUI_ENGINE was add.

  • Additional capabilities were addede:

    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#CUSTOM_SSL_CERT
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#SCALE_FACTOR
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#WDA_LOCAL_PORT
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#SHOW_XCODE_LOG
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#REAL_DEVICE_LOGGER
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#IOS_INSTALL_PAUSE
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#XCODE_CONFIG_FILE
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#KEYCHAIN_PASSWORD
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#USE_PREBUILT_WDA
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#WEB_DRIVER_AGENT_URL
    • IOSMobileCapabilityType#KEYCHAIN_PATH
    • MobileCapabilityType#CLEAR_SYSTEM_FILES
  • [UPDATE] to Selenium 3.0.1.

  • [UPDATE] to Spring Framework 4.3.5.RELEASE.

  • [UPDATE] to AspectJ weaver 1.8.10.


  • Following capabilities were added:
    • io.appium.java_client.remote.AndroidMobileCapabilityType.ANDROID_INSTALL_TIMEOUT
    • io.appium.java_client.remote.AndroidMobileCapabilityType.NATIVE_WEB_SCREENSHOT
    • io.appium.java_client.remote.AndroidMobileCapabilityType.ANDROID_SCREENSHOT_PATH. The pull request: #452
  • org.openqa.selenium.Alert was reimplemented for iOS. Details: #459
  • The deprecated io.appium.java_client.generic.searchcontext was removed.
  • The dependency on was updated to 2.7. Also it was adde to exclusions for org.seleniumhq.selenium selenium-java.
  • The new AutomationName was added. IOS_XCUI_TEST. It is needed for the further development.
  • The new MobilePlatform was added. WINDOWS. It is needed for the further development.


BUG FIX: Issue #450. Fix: #451. Thanks to @tutunang for the report.


  • all code marked @Deprecated was removed.
  • getSessionDetails() was added. Thanks to @saikrishna321 for the contribution.
  • FIX #362, #220, #323. Details read there: #413
  • FIX #392. Thanks to @truebit for the bug report.
  • The dependency on cglib was replaced by the dependency on cglib-nodep. FIX #418
  • The casting to the weaker interface HasIdentity instead of class RemoteWebElement was added. It is the internal refactoring of the TouchAction. #432. Thanks to @asolntsev for the contribution.
  • The setValue method was moved to MobileElement. It works against text input elements on Android.
  • The dependency on org.springframework spring-context v4.3.2.RELEASE was added
  • The dependency on org.aspectj aspectjweaver v1.8.9 was added
  • ENHANCEMENT: The alternative event firing engine. The feature request: #242. Implementation: #437. Also new WIKI chapter was added.
  • ENHANCEMENT: Convenient access to specific commands for each supported mobile OS. Details: #445
  • dependencies and plugins were updated
  • ENHANCEMENT: YouiEngineDriver was added. Details: appium server #6215, #429, #448. It is just the draft of the new solution that is going to be extended further. Please stay tuned. There are many interesting things are coming up. Thanks to You I Engine team for the contribution.


  • all code marked @Deprecated was removed. Java client won't support old servers (v<1.5.0) anymore.
  • the ability to start an activity using Android intent actions, intent categories, flags and arguments was added to AndroidDriver. Thanks to @saikrishna321 for the contribution.
  • scrollTo() and scrollToExact() became deprecated. They are going to be removed in the next release.
  • The interface io.appium.java_client.ios.GetsNamedTextField and the declared method T getNamedTextField(String name) are deprecated as well. They are going to be removed in the next release.
  • Methods findElements(String by, String using) and findElement(String by, String using) of org.openga.selenium.remote.RemoteWebdriver are public now. Thanks to @SrinivasanTarget.
  • the io.appium.java_client.NetworkConnectionSetting class was marked deprecated
  • the enum was added. All supported network bitmasks are defined there.
  • Android. Old methods which get/set connection were marked @Deprecated
  • Android. New methods which consume/return were added.
  • the commandRepository field is public now. The modification of the MobileCommand
  • Constructors like AppiumDriver(HttpCommandExecutor executor, Capabilities capabilities) were added to and io.appium.java_client.ios.IOSDriver
  • The refactoring of io.appium.java_client.internal.JsonToMobileElementConverter. Now it accepts org.openqa.selenium.remote.RemoteWebDriver as the constructor parameter. It is possible to re-use or io.appium.java_client.ios.internal.JsonToIOSElementConverter by RemoteWebDriver when it is needed.
  • Constructors of the abstract io.appium.java_client.AppiumDriver were redesigned. Now they require a subclass of io.appium.java_client.internal.JsonToMobileElementConverter. Constructors of and io.appium.java_client.ios.IOSDriver are same still.
  • The pushFile(String remotePath, File file) was added to AndroidDriver
  • FIX of TouchAction. Instances of the TouchAction class are reusable now
  • FIX of the swiping issue (iOS, server version >= 1.5.0). Now the swiping is implemented differently by AndroidDriver and IOSDriver. Thanks to @truebit and @nuggit32 for the catching.
  • the project was integrated with maven-checkstyle-plugin. Thanks to @SrinivasanTarget for the work
  • source code was improved according to code style checking rules.
  • the integration with org.owasp dependency-check-maven was added. Thanks to @saikrishna321 for the work.
  • the integration with org.jacoco jacoco-maven-plugin was added. Thanks to @SrinivasanTarget for the contribution.


  • Update to Selenium v2.53.0
  • all dependencies were updated to latest versions
  • the dependency on org.apache.commons commons-lang3 v3.4 was added
  • the fix of Widget method invocation.#340. A class visibility was taken into account. Thanks to aznime for the catching. Server flags were added:
    • GeneralServerFlag.ASYNC_TRACE
  • Source code was formatted using eclipse-java-google-style.xml. This is not the complete solution. The code style checking is going to be added further. Thanks to SrinivasanTarget for the work!


  • Update to Selenium v2.52.0
  • getAppStrings() methods are deprecated now. They are going to be removed. getAppStringMap() methods were added and now return a map with app strings (keys and values) instead of a string. Thanks to @rgonalo for the contribution.
  • Add getAppStringMap(String language, String stringFile) method to allow searching app strings in the specified file
  • FIXED of the bug which causes deadlocks of AppiumDriver LocalService in multithreading. Thanks to saikrishna321 for the bug report.
  • FIXED Zoom methods, thanks to @kkhaidukov
  • FIXED The issue of compatibility of AppiumServiceBuilder with Appium node server v >= 1.5.x. Take a look at #305
  • getDeviceTime() was added. Thanks to @SrinivasanTarget for the contribution.
  • FIXED longPressKeyCode() methods. Now they use the convenient JSONWP command.Thanks to @kirillbilchenko for the proposed fix.
  • FIXED javadoc.
  • Page object tools were updated. Details read here: #311, #313, #317. locator strategy is deprecated for Android and iOS. It is still valid for the Selendroid mode. Thanks to @SrinivasanTarget for the helping.
  • The method lockScreen(seconds) is deprecated and it is going to be removed in the next release. Since Appium node server v1.5.x it is recommended to use AndroidDriver.lockDevice()...AndroidDriver.unlockDevice() or IOSDriver.lockDevice(int seconds) instead. Thanks to @namannigam for the catching. Read #315
  • maven-release-plugin was added to POM.XML configuration
  • #320 fix. The Widget.getSelfReference() was added. This method allows to extract a real widget-object from inside a proxy at some extraordinary situations. Read: PR. Thanks to SergeyErmakovMercDev for the reporting.
  • all capabilities were added according to this description. There are three classes: io.appium.java_client.remote.MobileCapabilityType (just modified), io.appium.java_client.remote.AndroidMobileCapabilityType (android-specific capabilities), io.appium.java_client.remote.IOSMobileCapabilityType (iOS-specific capabilities). Details are here: #326
  • some server flags were marked deprecated because they are deprecated since server node v1.5.x. These flags are going to be removed at the java client release. Details are here: #326
  • The ability to start Appium node programmatically using desired capabilities. This feature is compatible with Appium node server v >= 1.5.x. Details are here: #326


  • updated the dependency on Selenium to version 2.48.2
  • bug fix and enhancements of io.appium.java_client.service.local.AppiumDriverLocalService
    • FIXED bug which was found and reproduced with Eclipse for Mac OS X. Please read about details here: #252 Thanks to saikrishna321 for the bug report
    • FIXED bug which was found out by Jonahss. Thanks for the reporting. Details: #272 and #273
    • For starting an appium server using localService, added additional environment variable to specify the location of Node.js binary: NODE_BINARY_PATH
    • The ability to set additional output streams was provided
  • The additional startActivity() method was added to AndroidDriver. It allows to start activities without the stopping of a target app Thanks to deadmoto for the contribution
  • The additional extension of the Page Object design pattern was designed. Please read about details here: #267
  • New public constructors to AndroidDriver/IOSDriver that allow passing a custom HttpClient.Factory Details: #276 thanks to baechul


  • updated the dependency on Selenium to version 2.47.1
  • the new dependency on commons-validator v1.4.1
  • the ability to start programmatically/silently an Appium node server is provided now. Details please read at #240. Historical reference: The similar solution has been designed by @Hassan-Radi. The mentioned framework and the current solution use different approaches.
  • Throwing declarations were added to some searching methods. The "getMouse" method of RemoteWebDriver was marked Deprecated
  • Add replaceValue method for elements.
  • Replace sendKeyEvent() method in android with pressKeyCode(int key) and added: pressKeyCode(int key, Integer metastate), longPressKeyCode(int key), longPressKeyCode(int key, Integer metastate)


  • Page-object findBy strategies are now aware of which driver (iOS or Android) you are using. For more details see the Pull Request:
  • If somebody desires to use their own Webdriver implementation then it has to implement HasCapabilities.
  • Added a new annotation: WithTimeout. This annotation allows one to specify a specific timeout for finding an element which overrides the drivers default timeout. For more info see:
  • Corrected an uninformative Exception message.


  • AppiumDriver class is now a Generic. This allows us to return elements of class MobileElement (and its subclasses) instead of always returning WebElements and requiring users to cast to MobileElement. See
  • Full set of Android KeyEvents added.
  • Selenium client version updated to 2.46
  • PageObject enhancements
  • Junit dependency removed


  • Added new TouchAction methods for LongPress, on an element, at x,y coordinates, or at an offset from within an element
  • SwipeElementDirection changed. Read the documentation, it's now smarter about how/where to swipe
  • Added APPIUM_VERSION MobileCapabilityType
  • sendKeyEvent() moved from AppiumDriver to AndroidDriver
  • linkText and partialLinkText locators added
  • setValue() moved from MobileElement to iOSElement
  • Fixed Selendroid PageAnnotations


  • Moved hasAppString() from AndroidDriver to AppiumDriver
  • Fixes to PageFactory
  • Added @AndroidFindAll and @iOSFindAll
  • Added toggleLocationServices() to AndroidDriver
  • Added touchAction methods to MobileElement, so now you can do element.pinch(), element.zoom(), etc.
  • Added the ability to choose a direction to swipe over an element. Use the SwipeElementDirection enums: UP, DOWN, LEFT, RIGHT


  • AppiumDriver is now an abstract class, use IOSDriver and AndroidDriver which both extend it. You no longer need to include the PLATFORM_NAME desired capability since it's automatic for each class. Thanks to @TikhomirovSergey for all their work
  • ScrollTo() and ScrollToExact() methods reimplemented
  • Zoom() and Pinch() are now a little smarter and less likely to fail if you element is near the edge of the screen. Congratulate @BJap on their first PR!


  • Removed scrollTo() and scrollToExact() methods because they relied on complexFind(). They will be added back in the next version!
  • Removed complexFind()
  • Added startActivity() method
  • Added isLocked() method
  • Added getSettings() and ignoreUnimportantViews() methods


  • Added MobilePlatform interface (Android, IOS, FirefoxOS)
  • Added MobileBrowserType interface (Safari, Browser, Chromium, Chrome)
  • Added MobileCapabilityType.APP_WAIT_ACTIVITY
  • Fixed small Integer cast issue (in Eclipse it won't compile)
  • Set -source and -target of the Java Compiler to 1.7 (for maven compiler plugin)
  • Fixed bug in Page Factory


  • Fixed the logic for checking connection status on NetworkConnectionSetting objects


  • Added @findBy annotations. Explanation here: Thanks to TikhomirovSergey
  • Appium Driver now implements LocationContext interface, so setLocation() works for setting GPS coordinates


  • Added MobileCapabilityType enums for desired capabilities
  • findElement and findElements return MobileElement objects (still need to be casted, but no longer instantiated)
  • new appium v1.2 hideKeyboard() strategies added
  • getNetworkConnection() and setNetworkConnection() commands added


  • Added openNotifications() method, to open the notifications shade on Android
  • Added pullFolder() method, to pull an entire folder as a zip archive from a device/simulator
  • Upgraded Selenium dependency to 2.42.2


  • MultiGesture with a single TouchAction fixed for Android
  • Now depends upon Selenium java client 2.42.1
  • Cleanup of Errorcode handling, due to merging a change into Selenium


  • fix dependency issue


  • complexFind() now returns MobileElement objects
  • added scrollTo() and scrollToExact() methods for use with complexFind()


  • AppiumDriver now implements Rotatable. rotate() and getOrientation() methods added
  • when no appium server is running, the proper error is thrown, instead of a NullPointerException


  • recompiled to include some missing methods such as shake() and complexFind()

Running tests

Run a test using

gradle clean -Dtest.single=IOSAlertTest test


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