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    README.md

    Folly: Facebook Open-source Library

    What is folly?

    Logo Folly

    Folly (acronymed loosely after Facebook Open Source Library) is a library of C++14 components designed with practicality and efficiency in mind. Folly contains a variety of core library components used extensively at Facebook. In particular, it's often a dependency of Facebook's other open source C++ efforts and place where those projects can share code.

    It complements (as opposed to competing against) offerings such as Boost and of course std. In fact, we embark on defining our own component only when something we need is either not available, or does not meet the needed performance profile. We endeavor to remove things from folly if or when std or Boost obsoletes them.

    Performance concerns permeate much of Folly, sometimes leading to designs that are more idiosyncratic than they would otherwise be (see e.g. PackedSyncPtr.h, SmallLocks.h). Good performance at large scale is a unifying theme in all of Folly.

    Logical Design

    Folly is a collection of relatively independent components, some as simple as a few symbols. There is no restriction on internal dependencies, meaning that a given folly module may use any other folly components.

    All symbols are defined in the top-level namespace folly, except of course macros. Macro names are ALL_UPPERCASE and should be prefixed with FOLLY_. Namespace folly defines other internal namespaces such as internal or detail. User code should not depend on symbols in those namespaces.

    Folly has an experimental directory as well. This designation connotes primarily that we feel the API may change heavily over time. This code, typically, is still in heavy use and is well tested.

    Physical Design

    At the top level Folly uses the classic "stuttering" scheme folly/folly used by Boost and others. The first directory serves as an installation root of the library (with possible versioning a la folly-1.0/), and the second is to distinguish the library when including files, e.g. #include <folly/FBString.h>.

    The directory structure is flat (mimicking the namespace structure), i.e. we don't have an elaborate directory hierarchy (it is possible this will change in future versions). The subdirectory experimental contains files that are used inside folly and possibly at Facebook but not considered stable enough for client use. Your code should not use files in folly/experimental lest it may break when you update Folly.

    The folly/folly/test subdirectory includes the unittests for all components, usually named ComponentXyzTest.cpp for each ComponentXyz.*. The folly/folly/docs directory contains documentation.

    What's in it?

    Because of folly's fairly flat structure, the best way to see what's in it is to look at the headers in top level folly/ directory. You can also check the docs folder for documentation, starting with the overview.

    Folly is published on GitHub at https://github.com/facebook/folly

    Build Notes

    Because folly does not provide any ABI compatibility guarantees from commit to commit, we generally recommend building folly as a static library.

    build.sh

    The simplest way to build folly is using the build.sh script in the top-level of the repository. build.sh can be used on Linux and MacOS, on Windows use the build.bat script instead.

    This script will download and build all of the necessary dependencies first, and will then build folly. This will help ensure that you build with recent versions of all of the dependent libraries, regardless of what versions are installed locally on your system.

    By default this script will build and install folly and its dependencies in a scratch directory. You can also specify a --scratch-path argument to control the location of the scratch directory used for the build. There are also --install-dir and --install-prefix arguments to provide some more fine-grained control of the installation directories. However, given that folly provides no compatibility guarantees between commits we generally recommend building and installing the libraries to a temporary location, and then pointing your project's build at this temporary location, rather than installing folly in the traditional system installation directories. e.g., if you are building with CMake you can use the CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH variable to allow CMake to find folly in this temporary installation directory when building your project.

    Dependencies

    folly supports gcc (5.1+), clang, or MSVC. It should run on Linux (x86-32, x86-64, and ARM), iOS, macOS, and Windows (x86-64). The CMake build is only tested on some of these platforms; at a minimum, we aim to support macOS and Linux (on the latest Ubuntu LTS release or newer.)

    folly requires a version of boost compiled with C++14 support.

    googletest is required to build and run folly's tests. You can download it from https://github.com/google/googletest/archive/release-1.8.0.tar.gz The following commands can be used to download and install it:

    wget https://github.com/google/googletest/archive/release-1.8.0.tar.gz && \
    tar zxf release-1.8.0.tar.gz && \
    rm -f release-1.8.0.tar.gz && \
    cd googletest-release-1.8.0 && \
    cmake . && \
    make && \
    make install

    Finding dependencies in non-default locations

    If you have boost, gtest, or other dependencies installed in a non-default location, you can use the CMAKE_INCLUDE_PATH and CMAKE_LIBRARY_PATH variables to make CMAKE look also look for header files and libraries in non-standard locations. For example, to also search the directories /alt/include/path1 and /alt/include/path2 for header files and the directories /alt/lib/path1 and /alt/lib/path2 for libraries, you can invoke cmake as follows:

    cmake \
      -DCMAKE_INCLUDE_PATH=/alt/include/path1:/alt/include/path2 \
      -DCMAKE_LIBRARY_PATH=/alt/lib/path1:/alt/lib/path2 ...

    Building tests

    By default, building the tests is disabled as part of the CMake all target. To build the tests, specify -DBUILD_TESTS=ON to CMake at configure time.

    Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

    The following packages are required (feel free to cut and paste the apt-get command below):

    sudo apt-get install \
        g++ \
        cmake \
        libboost-all-dev \
        libevent-dev \
        libdouble-conversion-dev \
        libgoogle-glog-dev \
        libgflags-dev \
        libiberty-dev \
        liblz4-dev \
        liblzma-dev \
        libsnappy-dev \
        make \
        zlib1g-dev \
        binutils-dev \
        libjemalloc-dev \
        libssl-dev \
        pkg-config \
        libunwind-dev

    Folly relies on fmt which needs to be installed from source. The following commands will download, compile, and install fmt.

    git clone https://github.com/fmtlib/fmt.git && cd fmt
    
    mkdir _build && cd _build
    cmake ..
    
    make -j$(nproc)
    sudo make install

    If advanced debugging functionality is required, use:

    sudo apt-get install \
        libunwind8-dev \
        libelf-dev \
        libdwarf-dev

    In the folly directory (e.g. the checkout root or the archive unpack root), run:

      mkdir _build && cd _build
      cmake ..
      make -j $(nproc)
      make install # with either sudo or DESTDIR as necessary

    OS X (Homebrew)

    folly is available as a Formula and releases may be built via brew install folly.

    You may also use folly/build/bootstrap-osx-homebrew.sh to build against master:

      ./folly/build/bootstrap-osx-homebrew.sh

    This will create a build directory _build in the top-level.

    OS X (MacPorts)

    Install the required packages from MacPorts:

      sudo port install \
        boost \
        cmake \
        gflags \
        git \
        google-glog \
        libevent \
        libtool \
        lz4 \
        lzma \
        openssl \
        snappy \
        xz \
        zlib

    Download and install double-conversion:

      git clone https://github.com/google/double-conversion.git
      cd double-conversion
      cmake -DBUILD_SHARED_LIBS=ON .
      make
      sudo make install

    Download and install folly with the parameters listed below:

      git clone https://github.com/facebook/folly.git
      cd folly
      mkdir _build
      cd _build
      cmake ..
      make
      sudo make install

    Windows (Vcpkg)

    folly is available in Vcpkg and releases may be built via vcpkg install folly:x64-windows.

    You may also use vcpkg install folly:x64-windows --head to build against master.

    Other Linux distributions

    • double-conversion (https://github.com/google/double-conversion)

      Download and build double-conversion. You may need to tell cmake where to find it.

      [double-conversion/] ln -s src double-conversion

      [folly/] mkdir build && cd build [folly/build/] cmake "-DCMAKE_INCLUDE_PATH=$DOUBLE_CONVERSION_HOME/include" "-DCMAKE_LIBRARY_PATH=$DOUBLE_CONVERSION_HOME/lib" ..

      [folly/build/] make

    • additional platform specific dependencies:

      Fedora >= 21 64-bit (last tested on Fedora 28 64-bit)

      • gcc
      • gcc-c++
      • cmake
      • automake
      • boost-devel
      • libtool
      • lz4-devel
      • lzma-devel
      • snappy-devel
      • zlib-devel
      • glog-devel
      • gflags-devel
      • scons
      • double-conversion-devel
      • openssl-devel
      • libevent-devel
      • fmt-devel
      • libsodium-devel

      Optional

      • libdwarf-devel
      • elfutils-libelf-devel
      • libunwind-devel

    项目简介

    🚀 Github 镜像仓库 🚀

    源项目地址

    https://github.com/facebook/folly

    发行版本 48

    v2021.07.22.00

    全部发行版

    贡献者 335

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    开发语言

    • C++ 95.1 %
    • Python 3.0 %
    • CMake 1.3 %
    • C 0.4 %
    • Shell 0.1 %