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README.md

An Elasticsearch Migration Tool

Elasticsearch cross version data migration.

Dec 3rd, 2020: [EN] Cross version Elasticsearch data migration with ESM

Features:

  • Cross version migration supported
  • Overwrite index name
  • Copy index settings and mapping
  • Support http basic auth
  • Support dump index to local file
  • Support loading index from local file
  • Support http proxy
  • Support sliced scroll ( elasticsearch 5.0 +)
  • Support run in background
  • Generate testing data by randomize the source document id
  • Support rename filed name
  • Support unify document type name
  • Support specify which _source fields to return from source
  • Support specify query string query to filter the data source
  • Support rename source fields while do bulk indexing
  • Load generating with

ESM is fast!

A 3 nodes cluster(3 * c5d.4xlarge, 16C,32GB,10Gbps)

root@ip-172-31-13-181:/tmp# ./esm -s https://localhost:8000 -d https://localhost:8000 -x logs1kw -y logs122 -m elastic:medcl123 -n elastic:medcl123 -w 40 --sliced_scroll_size=60 -b 5 --buffer_count=2000000  --regenerate_id
[12-19 06:31:20] [INF] [main.go:506,main] start data migration..
Scroll 10064570 / 10064570 [=================================================] 100.00% 55s
Bulk 10062602 / 10064570 [==================================================]  99.98% 55s
[12-19 06:32:15] [INF] [main.go:537,main] data migration finished.

Migrated 10,000,000 documents within a minute, Nginx log generated from kibana_sample_data_logs.

Example:

copy index index_name from 192.168.1.x to 192.168.1.y:9200

./bin/esm  -s http://192.168.1.x:9200   -d http://192.168.1.y:9200 -x index_name  -w=5 -b=10 -c 10000

copy index src_index from 192.168.1.x to 192.168.1.y:9200 and save with dest_index

./bin/esm -s http://localhost:9200 -d http://localhost:9200 -x src_index -y dest_index -w=5 -b=100

support Basic-Auth

./bin/esm -s http://localhost:9200 -x "src_index" -y "dest_index"  -d http://localhost:9201 -n admin:111111

copy settings and override shard size

./bin/esm -s http://localhost:9200 -x "src_index" -y "dest_index"  -d http://localhost:9201 -m admin:111111 -c 10000 --shards=50  --copy_settings

copy settings and mapping, recreate target index, add query to source fetch, refresh after migration

./bin/esm -s http://localhost:9200 -x "src_index" -q=query:phone -y "dest_index"  -d http://localhost:9201  -c 10000 --shards=5  --copy_settings --copy_mappings --force  --refresh

dump elasticsearch documents into local file

./bin/esm -s http://localhost:9200 -x "src_index"  -m admin:111111 -c 5000 -q=query:mixer  --refresh -o=dump.bin 

loading data from dump files, bulk insert to another es instance

./bin/esm -d http://localhost:9200 -y "dest_index"   -n admin:111111 -c 5000 -b 5 --refresh -i=dump.bin

support proxy

 ./bin/esm -d http://123345.ap-northeast-1.aws.found.io:9200 -y "dest_index"   -n admin:111111  -c 5000 -b 1 --refresh  -i dump.bin  --dest_proxy=http://127.0.0.1:9743

use sliced scroll(only available in elasticsearch v5) to speed scroll, and update shard number

 ./bin/esm -s=http://192.168.3.206:9200 -d=http://localhost:9200 -n=elastic:changeme -f --copy_settings --copy_mappings -x=bestbuykaggle  --sliced_scroll_size=5 --shards=50 --refresh

migrate 5.x to 6.x and unify all the types to doc

./esm -s http://source_es:9200 -x "source_index*"  -u "doc" -w 10 -b 10 - -t "10m" -d https://target_es:9200 -m elastic:passwd -n elastic:passwd -c 5000 

to migrate version 7.x and you may need to rename _type to _doc

./esm -s http://localhost:9201 -x "source" -y "target"  -d https://localhost:9200 --rename="_type:type,age:myage"  -u"_doc"

filter migration with range query

./esm -s https://192.168.3.98:9200 -m elastic:password -o json.out -x kibana_sample_data_ecommerce -q "order_date:[2020-02-01T21:59:02+00:00 TO 2020-03-01T21:59:02+00:00]"

generate testing data, if input.json contains 10 documents, the follow command will ingest 100 documents, good for testing

./bin/esm -i input.json -d  http://localhost:9201 -y target-index1  --regenerate_id  --repeat_times=10 

select source fields

 ./bin/esm -s http://localhost:9201 -x my_index -o dump.json --fields=author,title

rename fields while do bulk indexing

./bin/esm -i dump.json -d  http://localhost:9201 -y target-index41  --rename=title:newtitle

user buffer_count to control memory used by ESM, and use gzip to compress network traffic

./esm -s https://localhost:8000 -d https://localhost:8000 -x logs1kw -y logs122 -m elastic:medcl123 -n elastic:medcl123 --regenerate_id -w 20 --sliced_scroll_size=60 -b 5 --buffer_count=1000000 --compress false 

Download

https://github.com/medcl/esm/releases

Compile:

if download version is not fill you environment,you may try to compile it yourself. go required.

make build

  • go version >= 1.7

Options

Usage:
  esm [OPTIONS]

Application Options:
  -s, --source=                    source elasticsearch instance, ie: http://localhost:9200
  -q, --query=                     query against source elasticsearch instance, filter data before migrate, ie: name:medcl
  -d, --dest=                      destination elasticsearch instance, ie: http://localhost:9201
  -m, --source_auth=               basic auth of source elasticsearch instance, ie: user:pass
  -n, --dest_auth=                 basic auth of target elasticsearch instance, ie: user:pass
  -c, --count=                     number of documents at a time: ie "size" in the scroll request (10000)
      --buffer_count=              number of buffered documents in memory (100000)
  -w, --workers=                   concurrency number for bulk workers (1)
  -b, --bulk_size=                 bulk size in MB (5)
  -t, --time=                      scroll time (1m)
      --sliced_scroll_size=        size of sliced scroll, to make it work, the size should be > 1 (1)
  -f, --force                      delete destination index before copying
  -a, --all                        copy indexes starting with . and _
      --copy_settings              copy index settings from source
      --copy_mappings              copy index mappings from source
      --shards=                    set a number of shards on newly created indexes
  -x, --src_indexes=               indexes name to copy,support regex and comma separated list (_all)
  -y, --dest_index=                indexes name to save, allow only one indexname, original indexname will be used if not specified
  -u, --type_override=             override type name
      --green                      wait for both hosts cluster status to be green before dump. otherwise yellow is okay
  -v, --log=                       setting log level,options:trace,debug,info,warn,error (INFO)
  -o, --output_file=               output documents of source index into local file
  -i, --input_file=                indexing from local dump file
      --input_file_type=           the data type of input file, options: dump, json_line, json_array, log_line (dump)
      --source_proxy=              set proxy to source http connections, ie: http://127.0.0.1:8080
      --dest_proxy=                set proxy to target http connections, ie: http://127.0.0.1:8080
      --refresh                    refresh after migration finished
      --fields=                    filter source fields, comma separated, ie: col1,col2,col3,...
      --rename=                    rename source fields, comma separated, ie: _type:type, name:myname
  -l, --logstash_endpoint=         target logstash tcp endpoint, ie: 127.0.0.1:5055
      --secured_logstash_endpoint  target logstash tcp endpoint was secured by TLS
      --repeat_times=              repeat the data from source N times to dest output, use align with parameter regenerate_id to amplify the data size
  -r, --regenerate_id              regenerate id for documents, this will override the exist document id in data source
      --compress                   use gzip to compress traffic
  -p, --sleep=                     sleep N seconds after finished a bulk request (-1)

Help Options:
  -h, --help                       Show this help message

FAQ

  • Scroll ID too long, update elasticsearch.yml on source cluster.
http.max_header_size: 16k
http.max_initial_line_length: 8k

Versions

From To
1.x 1.x
1.x 2.x
1.x 5.x
1.x 6.x
1.x 7.x
2.x 1.x
2.x 2.x
2.x 5.x
2.x 6.x
2.x 7.x
5.x 1.x
5.x 2.x
5.x 5.x
5.x 6.x
5.x 7.x
6.x 1.x
6.x 2.x
6.x 5.0
6.x 6.x
6.x 7.x
7.x 1.x
7.x 2.x
7.x 5.x
7.x 6.x
7.x 7.x

项目简介

🚀 Github 镜像仓库 🚀

源项目地址

https://github.com/medcl/esm-abandoned

发行版本 16

v0.5.0

全部发行版

贡献者 6

weixin_43283383 @weixin_43283383
Z zvictorino @zvictorino
J Julien Pivotto @Julien Pivotto
J Julien Pivotto @Julien Pivotto

开发语言

  • Go 95.1 %
  • Makefile 4.9 %